Nickel life cycle data

Providing sound, reliable and up-to-date life cycle inventory data is of great importance for the nickel industry

Updated data ensures that, for example, changes in mining and processing technologies, processed ores and concentrates as well as changes in ore deposits are taken into consideration. Such data are used, for example, in compiling Life Cycle Assessments (LCAs), assessing the Product Environmental Footprint (PEF) or preparing Environmental Product Declarations (EPDs).

The nickel industry has been collecting and updating its life cycle data since 2000. The first life cycle data were collected between 2000 and 2003 (reference year 1999) and were last updated in 2013-2014 (reference year 2011). Data is collected in accordance with ISO 14040 requirements and undergoes a critical review process via an independent third party.

Life cycle data are available for major nickel products, i.e. nickel metal class 1, ferro-nickel and nickel sulphate. An update of the life cycle data is underway, with results expected in 2019.

The life cycle data collected by the nickel industry can be found in major databases, such as GaBi and ELCD. In addition, the Nickel Institute is in permanent dialogue with other public and commercial database holders to replace outdated nickel product life cycle data.

An executive summary of the Life Cycle Inventory (LCI) Update for Nickel and Ferronickel, along with a Q&A, is shown in the following sections. The latest life cycle dataset for nickel products is also available.

The full report is available upon request. Please contact communications@nickelinstitute.org.

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