Chemical, Pharmaceutical & Petrochemical Industries

Stainless Steels, nickel alloys, and other nickel-containing alloys are used extensively in the chemical, pharmaceutical and petrochemical industries for their corrosion resistance to both aqueous, gaseous and high temperature environments, their mechanical properties at all temperatures from cryogenic to the very high, and occasionally for their special physical properties.  Nickel plating is used for its special properties, such as hardness or corrosion resistance.  In addition, nickel-containing materials are often used as catalysts.  For further details on this segment, see Applications and Materials Selection.

Related News and Articles

Clean and Efficient Drug Manufacturing (Nickel Magazine, Nov. 2010)
Higher alloyed stainless steels and nickel alloys can offer greater flexibility and safety to the pharmaceutical industry

Cladding Pipe Proves Cost-Effective (Nickel Magazine, Mar. 2008)
Stainless steel weld overlay of carbon steel pipe and fittings using the flux-cored arc welding (FCAW) process can be a cost-effective way to produce larger diameter heavy walled piping system.

Coming Clean (Nickel Magazine, Dec. 2007)
Nickel catalysts are the key to producing better surfectants for detergents.

Other Nickel Magazine stories about this industry

Knowledge Base

The Nickel Institute has produced a number of modules which are relevant to the Chemical, Pharmaceutical and Petrochemical Industry:

Technical Literature

Alloy Selection for Caustic Soda Service, NI Publication 10019
A number of construction materials may be used to produce and handle caustic solutions. Selection factors include practicality, availability, mechanical properties, corrosion resistance, risk/benefit considerations and economics. Critical factors in caustic service are listed, as are the metals and alloys most frequently considered for use in caustic soda-carbon steel, stainless steels, nickel and high-nickel alloys.

Stainless Steels For Bioprocessing, NI Publication 10077
Stainless steel equipment has a long history of successful use in bioprocessing operations for which high-quality surface finishes, cleanliness, and maintenance of sanitary conditions are essential. Stainless steels are widely available, corrosion resistant, economic, and easy to fabricate; they are uniquely qualified as construction materials for equipment and systems in the bioprocessing industries.

High Performance Stainless Steels, NI Publication 11021
The high-performance stainless steels are a family of stainless steels which have distinctly superior corrosion resistance in a wide variety of aggressive environments and are more technically demanding than Types 304 and 316 with regard to metallurgy and fabrication requirements. This is due to the nature of the steels themselves and the demanding applications in which they are used. A thorough understanding of these stainless steels is necessary to use them successfully. This publication provides assistance in making the optimum material selection for a given application, and provides guidance in the fabrication and use of the selected grade.

Other publications related to the Chemical, Pharmaceutical and Petrochemical Industries.