Abbreviations & Acronyms

  µg Microgram
  µg/kg bw Microgram Per Kilogram Body Weight
  µm Micron
  µM Micromolar
  3EMI Eurometaux Energy & Emissions Monitoring Initiative
  6EAP 6th Environmental Action Plan
  7EAP 7th Environmental Action Plan
A AA Authorisation Application
ACC American Chemistry Council
ACEA Association of European Car Manufacturers
ACGIH American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists
ACSH Advisory Committee on Safety and Health at workplace
ACVT Advisory Committee on Vocational Training
ADD Average Daily Dose
ADR European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
AEL Associated Emission Level
AELV Associated Emission Limit Value
AF Assessment Factor
AFA French Association of Aluminium
ANOVA Analysis of Variance
ANPR Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking
ANSES French agency for food, environmental and occupational health safety
AoA Analysis of Alternative (REACH)
AP Action Plan
APC Air Pollution Control
APEAL Association of European Producers for Steel for Packaging
APEC Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
APEC CD Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Chemicals Dialogue
APF Assigned Protection Factor (occupational exposure)
APME Association of Plastic Manufacturers in Europe
APPE Association of Petrochemicals in Europe
ASME American Society of Mechanical Engineering
ASD Aerospace and Defence: Industries Association of Europe
ASEAN Association of Southeast Asian Nations
ASR Automotive Shredder Residue
ASSURRE Association for the Sustainable Use and Recovery of Resources in Europe
ASTM International American Society for Testing of Materials
ATP Adaptation to Technical Progress
ATSDR Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry
AVS-SEM Acid Volatile Sulphide (Bioavailability of Ni in sediments) - model
AWQC Ambient Water Quality Criteria
B B2B Business to Business
B2C Business to Customer
BAN Basel Action Network
BAT Best Available Technique
BAT-AELV Best Available Technique Associated Emission Level Value
BATNEEC Best Available Technique Not Entailing Excessive Costs
BauA  Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (Germany)
BCF Bio-Concentration Factor (lab derived and accounts for uptake of water only)
BDI Federation of German Industries
BEAL Biological Exposure Action Level
BEI Biological Exposure Indices
BGV Biological Guidance Value
BIAC Business and Industry Advisory Committee to the OECD
BioMet ‘User friendly’ software tool, based on Biotic Ligand Models, for calculating the bioavailability of copper, nickel and zinc in different freshwaters
BIR Bureau of International Recycling
BKTox Beraterkreis Toxikologie (German toxicological consultants’ group)
BLM Biotic Ligand Model (Bioavailability model for Ni in water)
BLV Biological Limit Value
BMD Bench Mark Dose
BOEL Binding Occupational Exposure Limit
BOELV Binding Occupational Exposure Limit Value
BRE Building Research Establishment
BREF Best available technology Reference document
BTAG Biological Technical Assistance Group
BusinessEurope European Employers Associations
C C&DW Construction and Demolition Waste
C&L Classification and Labelling
CA Competent Authority
CAA Clean Air Act (US)
CAD Chemicals Agents at work Directive (EU)
CAFE Clean Air for Europe (EU air quality policy)
CAPEX Capital Expenditures
CARACAL Competent Authorities for REACH & CLP
CARB California Air Resources Board
CA-REACH Competent Authority on REACH
CAS Chemical Abstracts Service (REACH)
CAS RN Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number
CASAC Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee (US)
CBA Cost-Benefit Analysis
CBI Confidential Business Information
CCS Carbon Capture and Storage
CCS EII Carbon Dioxide Capture & Storage European Industrial Initiative
CDF Cumulative Distribution Function
CDI Cobalt Development Institute
CDR Chemical Data Reporting
CEC Cation Exchange Capacity
CEC Commission for Environmental Cooperation (US)
CEECs Central and East European Countries
CEFIC European Chemical Industry Council
CEM Continuous Emission Monitoring
CEMAS CEFIC Exposure Management & Analysis System
CEN European Committee for Standardisation
CEPI Confederation of European Paper Industry
CEPMC Council of European Producers of Materials for Construction
CEPS Centre for European Policy Studies
CERCLA Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation & Liability Act (US)
CES Contributing Exposure Scenario
CEWEP Confederation of European Waste to Energy Plants
CFR Code of Federal Regulations
CGE Computable General Equilibrium
CHEMTREC Chemical Transportation Emergency Center (US)
CHESAR Chemical Safety Assessment & Reporting Tool
CHIP Chemical (Hazard Information and Packaging) Regulations (UK)
CHIP Chemical Hazard Information Profile
CHP Co-Generation of Heat and Power
CIA Chemical Industry Association (UK)
CIS Common Implementation Strategy
C&L Classification and Labelling
CLEEN Chemical Legislation European Enforcement Network
CLH Harmonised Classification and Labelling process
CLP Classification Labelling & Packaging Regulation (EU)
CLRTAP Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution
cm2 Centimeter squared         
CMR Substances classified as Carcinogens, Mutagens or toxic to Reproduction
COD Co-Decision Procedure
COD Chemical Oxygen Demand
CoE Council of Europe
COM Commission Communication
CONCAWE Oil companies' European association for environment, health and safety in refining and distribution
CONTAM Panel Scientific Panel on Contaminants in the Food Chain
COPC Contaminants of Potential Concern
CoRAP Community Action Rolling Plan
COREPER Committee of Permanent Representatives in the EU
COSHH Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (UK)
CPIV Standing Committee of the European Glass Industries
CPP Chemical Product Process
CPP Chemical Product Policy (OECD)
CPR Chemical Policy Review (REACH)
CPSC Consumer Product Safety Commission (US)
CRC Chemical Referral Center (CHEMTREC)
CRC Chemical Registration Center (China)
CRT Cathode Ray Tubes
CSA Chemical Safety Assessment (REACH)
CSR Chemical Safety Report (REACH)
CSSC China State Shipbuilding Corporation
CSTEE EC Scientific Committee for Toxicity, Ecotoxicity and the Environment (now known as SCHER )
CWA Clean Water Act
CWG Commission Working Group
D DALY Disability-Adjusted Life Year
DAT Dermatology Advisory Team
DEFRA Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs (UK)
D-EPA Danish Environmental Protection Agency (Rapporteur for risk assessment of nickel)
DES Data Entry Screen
DG Directorate-Generals (EC)
DG CLIMA Directorate-General for Climate Action (EC)
DG ENER Directorate-General for Energy (EC)
DG ENTR Directorate-General for Enterprise and Industry (EC)
DG ENV Directorate-General for Environment (EC)
DG MARKT Directorate-General for Internal Market and Services (EC)
DG SANCO Directorates-General for Health and Consumers (EC)
DG TREN Directorate-General for Transport (EC)
DHHS Department of Health and Human Services (US)
Disulfiram Tetraethylthiuram disulfide
Dithiocarb Diethyldithiocarbamate
DIN German national organisation for standardisation
DMEL Derived Minimal Effect Level 
DMR Duly Motivated Request
DNA Deoxyribonucleic acid
DNEL Derived No Effect Level
DOC Dissolved Organic Carbon
DOD Department of Defense (US)
DOE Department of Energy (US)
DOI Department of the Interior (US)
DOL Department of Labor (US)
DSD Dangerous Substances Directive (EU)
DSL Domestic Substances List
DTI Department of Trade & Industry (UK)
DTSC Department of Toxic Substances Control (US)
DTU Technical University of Denmark
DU Downstream User
E EA Exposure Assessment
EAA European Aluminium Association
EACI Executive Agency for Competitiveness and Innovation (EU)
EAF Electric Arc Furnace
EASA European Aviation Safety Agency
EASE Estimation and Assessment of Substance Exposure (Model for workers exposure estimate)
EATF Exposure Assessment Task Force (OECD)
EBITDA Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization
EC European Commission
EC Equal Concern (as in “substances of equal concern”)
EC50 Effect Concentration (50%)
ECB European Chemicals Bureau
ECCA European Coil Coating Association
ECETOC European Centre for Ecotoxicology and Toxicology of Chemicals
eCFR Electronic Code of Federal Regulations
ECHA European Chemicals Agency (REACH)
ECI European Copper Institute
ECJ European Court of Justice
EDF Electronic Discussion Forum (OECD)
EDG Electronic Discussion Group
EDSP Endocrine Disruptor Screening Program
EDQM European Directorate for the Quality of Medicines & Healthcare
EEA European Environment Agency
EEA European Economic Area (EU + Iceland + Norway + Lichtenstein)
EEB European Environmental Bureau (Environmental NGO)
EEC European Economic Community
EECCA Eastern European, Caucasian & Central Asian Countries
EFG European Federation of Geologists
EFGP European Federation of Green Parties
EFSA European Food Safety Authority
EFTA European Free Trade Association
Eh Redox Potential
EHD CEN Environmental Help Desk
EHP Environmental Health Perspectives
EHS Environment, Health and Safety
EHS Environmentally Hazardous Substance
EIB European Investment Bank
EIC European Information Centre
EIF European Investment Fund
EiF Entry into Force
EII Energy Intense Industries
EIMAC European Industry Metals and Alloys Classification Group
EIMAG European Industry Metallic Alloys Group 
EINECS European Inventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances 
EiO Entry Into Operation
EIP on RM European Innovation Partnership on Raw Materials
EIS Environmental Impact Statement
EKAs Exposure equivalents for carcinogenic materials
ELINCS European List of Notified Chemical Substances
ELNI Environmental Law Network International
ELV Emission Limit Values
ELV End-of-life Vehicles Directive (EU)
EM Eurometaux
EMAS Eco Management and Audit Scheme
EMEP European Monitoring and Evaluation Program (Monitoring and Evaluation of the Long-Range Transmission of Air pollutants in Europe)
EMPL Employment and Social Affairs Committee (EP)
EN EuroNorm – European Standard
ENM Engineered Nano Materials
ENVI Environment, Public Health and Food safety Committee (EP)
EOL End of Life
EOP End of Pipe
EP European Parliament
EPA Environmental Protection Agency (US)
EPC European Policy Centre
EPD Environmental Product Declaration
EPCRA Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (US)
EPER European Pollutant Emissions Register
EPMA European Powder Metallurgy Association
EPMF European Precious Metals Federation
EPR Extended Producer Responsibility
E-PRTR  European Pollutants Release and Transfer Register
EQAS External Quality Assessment Schemes
EQC Environmental Quality Criteria
EQS Environmental Quality Standards
ERA European Research Area
ERA Ecological Risk Assessment
ERC Environmental Release Category
ERE Ecologically Relevant Endpoint
ERF European Risk Forum
ERM Environmental Resources Management
ERP Enterprise Resource Planning
ERV Ecotoxicity Reference Value
ES Exposure Scenario (REACH)
ESP Electrostatic Precipitator
eSDS extended Safety Data Sheet (REACH)
ESF European Social Fund
ESHR’s Essential Health and Safety Requirements
ESIS European chemical Substances Information System
ESM Environmentally Sound Management
ESR Existing Substances Regulation (old RA system - EU)
ETAP Environment Toxicity Advisory Panel (Industry sponsored science panel)
ETS Emissions Trading System
ETV Environmental Technology Verification
ETUI European Trade Union Institute
EU European Union
EU-OSHA European Agency for Safety and Health at Work 
EuE End Use Equipment
EUEB European Union Ecolabelling Board
EULA European Lime Association
EuP Energy Using Products Directive
EURACOAL European Association for Coal and Lignite
EURL ECVAM European Union Reference Laboratory for Alternatives to Animal Testing
EUROMETREC European Metal Trade & Recycling Federation
EWL European Waste List from the European Waste Framework Directive
EUSES European Union System for the Evaluation of Substances
F FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
FAQ Frequently Asked Question
FEAD European Federation of Waste Management & Environmental Services
FFA French Steel Federation
FEDEM French Federation of Minerals, Industrial Minerals and Nonferrous Metals
FEPA Federation of European Producers of Abrasives products
FEV1.0 Forced expiratory volume in one second
FIEC European Construction Industry Federation
FIFRA Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (US)
FIR International Federation of Recycling
FIR Food Ingestion Rate
FMM French Metals Federation
FMM Federation of Ores, Industrial Minerals and non-ferrous Metals
FMR Field Metabolic Rate
FOC Fraction Organic Carbon
FOREX Foreign Exchange Market
FP6 6th Framework Programme
FTE Full Time Employment
FVC Forced vital capacity
FY Fiscal Year
G g Gram
GA General Assembly
GAARN Group Assessing Already Registered Nanomaterials
GAC General Administration of Customs
GAINS Greenhouse Gas and Air Pollution Interactions and Synergies (model)
GDP Gross Domestic Product
GEF Global Environment Facility
GEHS Group on Environment & Health Sciences of Metals (Eurometaux)
GES Generic Exposure Scenario
GHG Green House Gas
GHS Global Harmonised System of classification and labelling of chemicals
GIFAS Group of French Aerospace Industries
GLP Good Laboratory Practice
GMI Global Mining Initiative
GNP Gross National Product
GPP Green Public Procurement
GRI Global Reporting Initiative
GRULAC Latin American and Caribbean Group
GTAP Global Trade Analysis Project
GVA Gross Value Added
H HAP Hazardous Air Pollutant
HATF Hazard Assessment Task Force (OECD)
HC5 Hazard Concentration 5th percentile (showing no effects to 95% of species)
HEC Human Equivalent Concentration
HEDSET Harmonised Electronic Data-set
HEPA High Efficiency Particulate Air
HERAG Health Risk Assessment Guidance for metals
HH Human Health
HPV High Production Volume Chemicals (OECD)
HSC Health and Safety Commission
HSE Health and Safety Executive
HWIs Hazardous Waste Incinerators
I i2a International Antimony Association
IARC International Agency for Research on Cancer
IC50 Inhibition of Growth Concentration (50%)
ICCA International Council on Chemical Associations
ICDA International Chromium Development Association
ICMM International Council on Mining and Metals
ICNCM International Committee on Nickel Carcinogenesis in Man
ICP International Cooperation Programme
ICSG International Copper Study Group
ID Identification
IECSC Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances in China
IED Industrial Emissions Directive
IEF Information Exchange Forum
IEW Industrial Electrical Waste
IFCS Intergovernmental Forum on Chemicals Safety
IIASA International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis
IISI International Iron and Steel Institute
ILA International Lead Association
ILO International Labour Organization
ILZSG International Lead and Zinc Study Group
IMA-Europe Industrial Minerals Association – Europe
IMA-NA Industrial Minerals Association – North America
IMAP Inventory Multi-tiered Assessment and Prioritization
IMCO Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee (EP)
IMDG International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code
IMDS International Material Data System
IMMG Integrated Materials Management Group
IMnI International Manganese Institute
IMO International Maritime Organisation
IMoA International Molybdenum Association
IMPEL EU Network for the Implementation and Enforcement of Environmental Law
IMSBC International Maritime Solid Bulk Cargoes Code 
INC5 Fifth Session of the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee on Mercury
INEW Industrial Non-Electrical Waste
INSG International Nickel Study Group
INTA  International Trade Committee (EP)
IOELV Indicative Occupational Exposure Limit Values
IOMC International Organization for the safe Management of Chemicals
IPA International Platinum group metals Association
IPCC International Panel on Climate Change
IPG Industrial Pollution Group
IPP Integrated Product Policy
IPPC Integrated Pollution Prevention & Control
IPTS Institute for Prospective Technological Studies of the EC's Joint Research Centre (JRC)
IRC Innovation Relay centres
IRIS Integrated Risk Information System (US)
ISAG Information System for Waste and Recycling
ISO International Organisation for Standardisation
ISRI Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries
ISSF International Stainless Steel Federation
IT Information Technology
ITEQ International Toxicity Equivalent
ITIA International Tungsten Industry Association
ITRE Industry, Research and Energy Committee (EP)
ITRI International Tin Research Institute
IUCLID International Uniform Chemical Information Database
IUPAC International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry
IVU Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (Germany)
IWCC International Wrought Copper Council
IZA International Zinc Association
J JBCE Japan Business Council in Europe
JECFA Joint Expert Committee on Food Additives (UN)
JPA Joint Programme of Activities
JRC Joint Research Centre of the European Commission
K KFM Kyoto Flexible Mechanism
kg Kilogram
Klif Norwegian Climate and Pollution Agency
L L Liter
LADD Lifetime Average Daily Dose
LC50 Lethal Concentration (50%)
LCA Life Cycle Analysis/Assessment
LCI Life Cycle Inventory
LCIA Life Cycle Impact Assessment
LEV Local Exhaust Ventilation
LLNA Local Lymph Node Assay
LME London Metal Exchange
LOAEL Lowest Observed Adverse Effect Level
LOEC Lowest Observed Effect Concentration
LPVCs Low Production Volume Chemicals
LRI Long-range Research Initiative
LRTAP Long-Range Trans-boundary Air Pollution (Convention)
LSHA Labor Safety and Health Act (Taiwan)
LWP Light Weight Packaging
M M / I Manufacturer / Importer
m3 Meter cubed
MAD Mutual Acceptance of Data (OECD)
MAK Occupational Exposure Limits (in german)
MATC Maximum Acceptable Toxicant Concentration
MARPOL International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (IMO)
MBI Market Best Instruments
MEDDE French Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy
MEL Maximum Exposure Limit
MEL Ministry of Employment and Labor
MEP Ministry of Environmental Protection
MEP Member of European Parliament
MEPC Marine Environment Protection Committee (IMO)
MERAG Metals Environmental Risk Assessment Guide
METI Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry
mg Milligram
MIIT Ministry of Industry and Information Technology
MIRO Mineral Industry Research Organisation
MMAD Mean Mass Aerial Diameter (particle size)
MMSD Mining, Minerals and Sustainable Development
MnIG Manganese Interest Group
MoE Ministry of Environment
MOL Ministry of Labor
MOS Margin of safety
MOU Memorandum of Understanding
MPPG Metals Product Policy Group (Eurometaux)
MQW Mining and Quarrying Waste
MRL Minimum Risk Level
MRO Maintenance and Repair Operations.
MS Member State
MSC Member State Committee
MSCA Member States Competent Authorities
MSDS Material Safety Data Sheet
MSW Municipal Solid Waste
MSWI Municipal Solid Waste Incinerator
MTD Maximum Tolerated Dose
MTFR Maximum Technically Feasible Reduction
MYP Multi-Year Planning
N NAAQS National Ambient Air Quality Standard (US)
NAICS North American Industry Classification System
NAMC North American Metals Council
NASF National Association for Surface Finishing
NCD New Chemical Data
NCEA National Center for Environmental Assessment
NCP New Chemicals Program (US)
NCP National Contact Points (in the context of 6FP)
NCTM National Coordinators for Testing Methods
NEC National Emissions Ceilings
NERAP Nickel Environmental Research Advisory Panel
NES New and Existing Substances
NESHAP National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants
NFA Non-Ferrous Alliance (UK)
NFM Non-Ferrous Metals
ng Nanogram
NGO Non-Governmental Organisation
NI Nickel Institute
NICNAS National Industrial Chemicals Notification and Assessment Scheme (Australia)
NiCs Nickel REACH Consortia
NIER National Institute of Environmental Research
NIMBY Not In My Backyard
NIOSH National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
NiPERA Nickel Producers’ Environmental Research Association (part of Nickel Institute)
NiRAG Nickel Risk Assessment Group
NITE National Institute of Technology and Evaluation (Japan)
NMWG Nano-Materials Working Group
NOAEC No Observed Adverse Effect Concentration
NOC Notice of Commencement
NoE Networks of Excellence
NOEC No Observed Effect Concentration
NOEL No Observable Effect Level
NOHSC National Occupational Health and Safety Commission (Australia)
NPDES National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (US)
NPDWR National Primary Drinking Water Rule (US)
NPRM Notice of Proposed Rulemaking
NPV Net Present Value
NRC National Research Council
NRCC National Registration Center for Chemicals (China)
NSB National Standardisation Bodies
NTP National Toxicology Program
O OCHA Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UN)
OEA Organisation of European Aluminium refiners and remelters
OECD Organisation of Economic Cooperation and Development
OEDB Occupational Exposure Database
OEF Organisation Environmental Footprint
OEIL European Parliament’s Legislative Observatory
OEL Occupational Exposure Limit
OELV Occupational Exposure Limit Value
OEM Original Equipment Manufacturer
OES Occupational Exposure Standards
OH Occupational Health
OHPW Occupational Health Performance Workshop
OJ Official Journal of the European Union
OM Organic Matter
OMB Office of Management and Budget (US)
OPEX Operating Expenditures
OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration (US)
OSHAct Occupational Safety and Health Act (US)
OSOR One Substance, One Registration
OSPAR Oslo and Paris Commission of the Convention for the protection of the marine environment of the North-East Atlantic
P PAC Priority Assessments Chemicals (Japan)
PACE Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe
PAHs Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
PAIR Preliminary Assessment Information Rule
PAYT Pay As You Throw
PBT Persistent Bio accumulative Toxic Substances
PCA Principal Component Analysis
PCB Polychlorinated Biphenyls
PCDD/F Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin and polychlorinated dibenzofuran
PCTs Polychlorinated Terphenyls
PEC Predicted Environmental Concentration
PEF Product Environmental Footprint
PEL Permissible Exposure Limits
PET Polyethylene Ter-Phtalate
PGMs Platinum group metals: Ir, Os, Pd, Pt, Rh, Ru.
PIT Project of Interest Team
PM10 Particulate Matter Less than Ten Micrometers in Diameter
PNEC Predicted No Effect Concentration
POP Persistent Organic Pollutants
PPE Personal Protective Equipment
PPORD Product and Process Oriented Research & Development (REACH)
PRC People's Republic of China
PreLex Monitoring of the decision-making process between institutions (EC)
PRN Packaging Waste Recycling Note (UK)
PRTR Pollutants Release and Transfer Register
PVC Polyvinyl Chloride
Q QALY Quality-Adjusted Life Year
QSAR Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationship (models to predict toxicity)
R R&D Research and Development
RA Risk Assessment
RAAF Read-Across Assessment Framework
RAC Risk Assessment Committee (REACH) (previously TCNES)
RAF Relative Absorption Factor (secondary poisoning)
RAINS Regional Acidification Information and Simulation (model)
RAPEX Rapid Exchange of Information System for non-food products (EU)
RAR Risk Assessment Report 
RC Risk Characterisation
RCC Regulatory Cooperation Council
RCF Refractory Ceramic Fibres 
RCR Risk Characterisation Ratio
RCRA Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (US)
RCS Respirable Crystalline Silica
RE Resource Efficiency
REACH Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemicals Regulation (EU)
REACH IT REACH Information Technology system
RiMe Risk Management Experts (REACH)
RIP REACH Implementation Project
RIVM National Institute of Public Health and the Environment (The Netherlands)
RM Risk Management
RM Raw Materials
RMB Renminbi (China)
RMM Risk Management Measures
RMO Risk Management Options
RoHS Restriction of the Use of Certain Hazardous Substances in Electrical and Electronic Equipment (EU)
ROI Registry of Intentions
RoW Rest of the World
RoC Report on Carcinogens (US)
RP Rolling Plans
RPE Respiratory Protective Equipment
RRS Risk Reduction Strategy
RTD Research and Technological Development
RTR Risk and Technology Review
RWC Reasonable Worst Case
S SAB Science & Advisory Board (EPA)
SABE CEN Strategic Advisory Board for the Environment
SAE Society of Automotive Engineering
SAICM Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management
SAP Scientific Advisory Panel
SAWS State Administration of Work Safety (China)
SBREFA Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act (US)
SCALE Science, Children, Awareness, Legal instrument, Evaluation initative (EU)
SCBA Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus
SCC Strictly Controlled Conditions
SCCP Short-chain chlorinated paraffin
SCCS Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety (EU)
SCED Specific Consumer Exposure Determinants
SCENIRH Scientific Committee on Emerging & Newly Identified Health Risks (EU)
SCHER Scientific Committee on Health & Environment (EU) (formerly CSTEE)
SCL Specific Concentration Limit
SCOEL Scientific Committee on Occupational Exposure Limits (EU)
SCP Sustainable Consumption & Production
SDS Safety Data Sheet
SDWA Safe Drinking Water Act (US)
SEA Socio-Economic Analysis
SEAC Committee for Socio-economic Analysis (ECHA)
SEG Scientific Expert Group
SEM/AVS Simultaneous Extractable Metal/Acid Volatile Sulphide
SETAC Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
SF Safety Factor
SIA Substnace In Article 
SIAM SIDS Initial Assessment Meeting (OECD for chemicals)
SIAP SIDS Initial Assessment Profile (OECD for chemicals)
SIAR SIDS Initial Assessment Report (OECD for chemicals)
SIDS Screening Information Data Set (OECD for chemicals)
SIEF Substance Information Exchange Forum (REACH)
SIP Strategic Implementation Plan
SIP Substance Identification Profile
SIP Sustainable Industrial Policy
SLIC Senior Labour Inspectorates Committee (EC)
SME Small or Medium size Enterprise
SMM Sustainable Materials Management
SMR Standardized Mortality Ratio
SNAc Significant New Activity
SOG Site Operations Group
SOLAS International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (IMO)
SpERC Specific Environmental Release Category
SPIRE Sustainable Process Industry through Resource & Energy
SPORT Strategic Partnershio on REACH Testing
SPV Soil Prevention Values
SRA Strategic Research Agenda
SRM Sustainable Resource Management
SS Sewage Sludge
SSD Species-Sensitive Distribution (statistical technique to derive PNECs)
SSD Safety Standards Divison 
SSL Soil Screening Level
SSPC Society for Protective Coatings
ST Steering Team
STAF Stock and Flows
STEL Short Term Exposure Limits
STOT Specific Target Organ Toxicity (GHS)
STP Sewage Treatment Plant
SUR/FIN Surface Finishing
SVHC Substance of very High Concern (REACH)
SVOC Semi-Volatile Organic Compound
T T/a Tons per annum
TAC Technical Advisory Committee
TBC To Be Confirmed
TBD To Be Determined
TBT Cttee Technical Barriers to Trade Committee (WTO)
TCCA Toxic Chemical Control Act (Korea)
TC Cl&L Technical Committee for Classification & Labelling (EU)
TC NES Technical Committee on New & Existing chemical Substances (EU)
TCLP Toxic Characteristic Leachate Procedure Test
TDI Tolerable Daily Intake
TDP Transformation/Dissolution protocol (to measure release metals)
TEQ Toxic Equivalent Quantity
TFEA Task Force on Exposure Assessment (OECD)
TFIAM Task Force on Integrated Assessment Modelling
TGD Technical Guidance Document
TLV Threshold Limit Value
TLV-TWA Threshold limit value-time-weighted average 
TM Technical Meeting
TOC Total Organic Carbon
TPC Technical Progress Committee
TRED Total Regional Effluent Discharge
TRI Toxics Release Inventory
TRK German Technical Guide Concentration
TRV Toxicity Reference Value
TSCA Toxic Substances Control Act (US)
TSP Total Suspended Particles
TSW Transfrontier Shipment of Waste
TVL Threshold Limit Value
TWA Time weighted average
TWG Technical Working Group
TWAEC Time-Weighted Average Exposure Concentration
TWAEVs Time-Weighted Average Exposure Values
TWI Tolerable Weekly Intake
U UITS Union of Surface Treatment Industries
UK United Kingdom
ULCOS Ultra Low CO Steelmaking
UN United Nations
UNECE United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
UNEP United Nations Environment Programme
UN-ESCAP United Nations Environmental and Social Committee for Asian-Pacific Region
UNESDA Union of European Soft Drink Association
UNICE Union of Industrial and Employers' Confederation of Europe (now BusinessEurope)
US United States
USCIB Unites States Council for International Business
UVCB Unknown or Variable Composition, Complex Reaction Products & Biological Materials
UWM Unit World Model
V VMG Validation Management Group
VOC Volatile Organic Compound
VOLY Value of a Life Year
vPvB Very Persistent and Very Bioaccumulative
W W/W weight/weight
WBCSD World Business Council for Sustainable Development
WEEE Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment
WEF World Economic Forum
WF Work Flow
WFD Water Framework Directive (EU)
WFD Waste Framework Directive (EU)
WG Working Group
WGWPR Working Group on Waste Prevention and Recycling (OECD)
WHAM Windermere Humic Aqueous Model
WHMIS Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System
WHO World Health Organisation
WP Working Party
WP ACSH Working Party of the Advisory Committee on Safety & Health at Workplace
WP RPW Working Party on Resource Productivity and Waste (OECD)
WSH Institute Workplace Safety and Health Institute (Singapore)
WSR Waste Shipment Regulation (EU)
WSSD World Summit on Sustainable Development
Wt% Weight Percent
WTO World Trade Organisation 
WVM German Metals Federation
WW Waste Water
WWTP Waste Water Treatment Plant