Two countries not mentioned in the first issue of Nickel magazine were China and India. Neither country was a major player in the international stainless steel market.
What a difference 30 years makes!
Batteries are becoming ever more important for the global goal of sustainability and nickel is playing its part.
Nickel Institute consultants, workshops and literature have been a valued source of information for making the building and construction specification decisions for 30 years and work funded by the organisation has made new innovations possible.
The Ethiopian famine was in the minds of many when the first issue of Nickel magazine appeared in 1985. It featured a story on how nickel-containing stainless steels were playing a significant role in food safety as well as reducing the wastage of food that occurs between the farmer and the consumer.
Hosting 25,000 to 30,000 mountaineers each year, the new Refuge du Goûter, is at an elevation of 3,835 metres and located on the main route to Mont Blanc in the French Alps. Perched on a rocky cliff edge, it was designed to withstand temperatures ranging from -50°C to +30°C and winds that can reach 300 kph.
The new Fondation Louis Vuitton museum inaugurated in Paris in October 2014, was born from a spontaneous sketch by Pritzker Prize-winning architect Frank Gehry, and a digital model created by the most advanced 3D software.
Superficially, not a great deal has changed in the plating and electroforming industry. But beneath the surface—where the nickel is found—there have been enormous shifts not in the processes but in the products that depend on the processes. Products that were unheard of 30 years ago but which are now part of daily industrial and household life are made possible or better with nickel plating.
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Professors Manfred Wuttig and Eckhard Quandt at the Universities of Maryland, USA and Kiel, Germany, have produced a new shape memory alloy so tough it returns to its original shape even after being bent and heated over ten million times.
Scientists from Leibniz University, Hannover, Germany, are collaborating with research teams at the Vanderbilt University in Nashville, USA, to develop tiny flexible snake-like robots which will allow surgeons to access difficult-to-reach spaces with minimal invasion. Nitinol (UNS N01555), the bio-compatible nickel titanium alloy frequently used in stents, catheters or braces, has been chosen for its shape memory properties and super elasticity.
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